The Republic of Kazakhstan: Country Outlook & Monitoring
This report intends to inform stakeholders of key political, economic, social, and aviation evolutions that have occurred in Kazakhstan since and including May 2022. The methodology applied to achieve this objective has been through the synthesis of current events, newspaper articles, academic pieces, and first-hand sources. Overall, this report should serve as a brief and synthesized overview of the current state of affairs within Kazakhstan.
Over the past three months, Kazakhstan showed important developments in domestic politics, foreign affairs, the economy, and aviation. Short-term motivators for these changes are anchored on the political fallout of the January 2022 protests, the easing of domestic Covid-19 measures, and the ongoing war in Ukraine. Long-term motivators span from a social metamorphosis from Soviet Republic to a democratic and economically prosperous society, a will to de-align from Russian spheres of influence, and a regional inclination to become the center of knowledge, research, commerce, and tourism for Central Asia.
But while these aims are enshrined in recently implemented policies by the Tokayev Government, which itself replaced the 29-year reigning regime of Nursultan Nazarbayev in 2019, there is a degree of social skepticism as to how true to his policies his government will be. To discuss these developments, this report will analyze the domestic political trends within Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan’s foreign relations, its economic development, the evolution of its social trends, and the developments in its aviation industry.